ENTREPRENEURSHIP ORIENTATION: A PANACEA FOR ETHNO – RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS, INSECURITY AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A FOCUS ON JOS AND ENVIRONS 2001 – 2016)
Steve Azi Dabo
Entrepreneurship and Procurement Department, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya
Entrepreneurial orientation determinants of innovativeness, proactiveness, aggressive competitiveness and risk-taking have a positive influence on ethnoreligious conflicts, insecurity and national development. The study adopts an empirical design with a questionnaire as a tool for data collection, the chi-square (X2) statistic was used to test the hypothesis at a 0.05 level of significance. The finding shows that the calculated X2 is greater than the critical value. Therefore, Ho was rejected indicating that there is a significant relationship between entrepreneurial orientation, ethnoreligious conflicts, insecurity and national development in Nigeria. It, therefore, means that for Jos, Nigeria to be free from ethnoreligious conflicts and insecurity, the populace should be encouraged to become entrepreneurially oriented, so that they can always be thinking of producing something new or adding value to an existing product. Doing this will help in generating income for the entrepreneur and there will be no time to think of evils of ethno – religious conflicts as its occurrence has negative impact on the entrepreneur and the economy in general. The paper concludes and recommends among others that government should provide adequate funding to entrepreneurial businesses through credit schemes; government should implement various commissions of enquiry reports on Jos crisis and punish those indicted and there is a need for the establishment of entrepreneurial training centres and all individuals working or not should be encouraged to learn a skill.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial orientation, ethno-religious conflicts, insecurity, national and development.