USE OF COMPUTER IN UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION (UBE): A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA EDUCATIONAL ZONE
UGWUANYI, CHARLES UCHE (Ph.D)
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, UMUDIKE ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. e-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
Computer as an instructional media technology provides productive teaching and learning in order to increase people’s creative and intellectual resources especially in today’s information society. This study evaluated the use of computer in the implementation of Universal Basic Education (UBE) programme in primary schools in Nsukka Education Zone. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Four research questions were posed to guide the study. A well structural questionnaire titled Pupils Evaluation Questionnaire (PEQ) and Teacher Evaluation Questionnaire (TEQ) were used to collect data for the study. A simple random sampling technique was employed to obtain a sample of 100 primary school pupils and 20 teachers from the four primary schools in the education zone. The estimate of internal consistency using Cronbach alpha for PEQ and TEQ were .624 and .537 respectively and the overall reliability index was .543. Data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentages. The findings of the study were as follows: There is inadequate and low-level use of computer devices, by teachers. The cost of providing electricity is too high; class size and school location, among others, hindered the use of computers in the implementation of UBE programmes in the primary schools. It was recommended among others that government should provide computers in all public primary schools in the educational zone and state in general and organize seminars and workshops on computer instructions for all primary school teachers from time to time in Enugu State.
Keywords: Computer, Instructional media, Basic education, Evaluation.